DC Load Regulation and AC Ripple

Testing Methodology

Establishing an accurate load is critical to testing and evaluating a PC power supply.  PCPerspective’s power supply test bench can place a precise DC load on the PSU under test.  Each power supply is tested under controlled, demanding conditions up to its maximum rated load (at 40ºC). Our current suite of tests includes:

•    DC Load Regulation
•    AC Ripple and Noise
•    Efficiency
•    Differential Temperature
•    Noise

The Riotoro Onyx Series power supplies were evaluated on both features and performance.  A full range of equipment was used to test the power supply under controlled load conditions.  

•    (2) CSI3710A Programmable DC load (+3.3V and +5V outputs)
•    (4) CSI3711A Programmable DC load (+12V1, +12V2, +12V3, and +12V4)
•    (2) 200W Precision resistor load bank (+12V5 and +12V6)
•    Switchable precision resistor load bank (-12V and +5VSB)
•    Agilent 34401A digital multimeter (Accuracy ±0.0035% vDC)
•    Extech 380803 Power Analyzer (Accuracy ±0.5% of full scale)
•    DS1M12 "StingRay" digital oscilloscope (20M S/s with 12 Bit ADC)
•    Extech Model 407738 digital sound level meter (Accuracy ±1.5 dB)

The following connectors were used to attach the Onyx PSUs to the PCPerspective power supply test equipment.

Riotoro Onyx 650W:
•    (1) 20+4 pin ATX
•    (1) 8-pin EPS/ATX12V
•    (2) 6-pin PCI-E
•    (6) SATA
•    (3) Molex

Riotoro Onyx 750W:
•    (1) 20+4 pin ATX
•    (1) 8-pin EPS/ATX12V
•    (4) 6-pin PCI-E
•    (6) SATA
•    (3) Molex

DC Output Load Regulation

To simulate demanding and maximum loading conditions, the Riotoro Onyx Series power supplies were connected to the load testers and supplied with a constant 115 VAC.  In this test we are interested in seeing how well a PSU can maintain the various output voltages while operating under different loads.  

The ATX12V V2.2 tolerance for voltages states how much each output (rail) is allowed to fluctuate and has tighter tolerances now for the +12V outputs.  I have also included a second table of expanded tolerances (±1% to ±6%) for reference.

Riotoro Onyx 650W: The following tables list the DC voltage results for the Onyx 650W PSU while operating on 115 VAC, 60 Hz.

The Onyx 650W produced very good voltage regulation on all of the DC outputs with the measured values falling within ±2% on the three major rails.

Riotoro Onyx 750W: The following tables list the DC voltage results for the Onyx 750W PSU while operating on 115 VAC, 60 Hz.

The Onyx 750W also produced very good voltage regulation on all of the DC outputs; nearly identical to the results we saw on the 650W unit. Consistency is good!

AC Ripple and Noise on the DC Outputs

The amount of AC ripple and noise present on the DC outputs was checked using a digital oscilloscope.  This AC component may be present in the KHz range where most switching power supplies operate or it may be more prevalent at the 60 Hz line frequency.  We adjust the O-scope time base to look for AC ripple at both low and high frequencies.  The ATX12V V2.2 specification for DC output noise/ripple is defined in the ATX12V Power Supply Design Guide.

Ideally we would like to see no AC ripple (repetitive) or noise (random) on the DC outputs – the cleaner the better!  But in reality there will always be some present.  I measured the amplitude of the AC signal (in millivolts, peak-to-peak) to see how well the power supply complied with the ATX standard.  The following table lists the ripple/noise results during all of the load tests for the main output voltages of interest.

Riotoro Onyx 650W:

Overall the Onyx 650W power supply exhibited good AC ripple suppression on all of the primary outputs, even though the +12V output started out a little high but was brought under control as the load increased.

Riotoro Onyx 750W:

The results for the Onyx 750W power supply were also good and similar to the smaller unit. All values were well below the recommended ATX guidelines.

 

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